Summers are getting hotter every year—the vast majority of us have become well acquainted with the crucial ways to protect our skin when heading outside for long periods. However, it’s not just skin that needs protecting from the sun – our eyes can also be damaged by UV radiation.
Fortunately, the straightforward solution is to stick on a pair of quality sunglasses.
What kind of short-term and long-term eye problems can UV rays cause?
In the short term you’re looking at something called photokeratitis, which is basically sunburn for your corneas. If you spend too long out in the sun – I think one study has shown it’s about six hours in direct sunlight – then it can cause quite red, painful eyes. The symptoms generally resolve themselves and after about 48 hours it tends to disappear.
There are more damaging long-term effects like cataracts and macular degeneration, which can be accelerated by UV exposure. You can also get skin cancer on the eyelids and fatty tissue building up on the white parts of the eye.
The eye is ten times more sensitive to UV light than skin and although it has natural protection, it can still be quite exposed to damage.
How much time spent in the sun without protection puts you at risk? Is up to six hours OK then?
I would say it can be shorter [than six hours]. It depends on how much UV exposure there is as well. The strongest levels of UV light are between 10am and 2pm, and it’s a lot stronger during the summer months as well. Also you’re more exposed at higher altitude. It depends on a lot more than just the duration of time that you are outside.
Are reflective environments especially risky?
Yes. A reflective surface – when you’re out skiing or fishing, say – reflects a lot more light, and it’s more scattered. It doesn’t necessarily increase the chance of UV damage, but it definitely causes more irritation to the eyes in terms of glare.
What should you look for in terms of protection when buying sunglasses?
You want to find a pair of sunglasses that protect against 100% of UVA and UVB rays [this may be labelled as UV400, which protects against wavelengths up to 400 nanometers, covering both UVA and UVB rays].
This may mean it’s described as protecting against 99% of UV light as there is also UVC radiation, which has a shorter wavelength but doesn’t penetrate the ozone layer.
Also, look for something that protects against HEV light. Sunglasses have a grading system between one and four. So four is the darkest tint that sunglasses can have, which blocks out 95% of visible light. They’re for people working in really bright conditions or in high altitudes. They’re not for people who drive for example, because of the amount of light they block. Most people tend to go for a category three, which is a little bit lighter. It blocks out 85% of visible light. But all of them should say they protect against UVA and UVB – that’s the important thing.
If you’re in a brighter environment, or at high altitude, you also want them to be quite big and maybe wraparound to give you more coverage.
Can you get contact lenses that protect the eyes from UV rays?
Yes you can. Most contact lenses have the technology to protect against UVA and UVB, which is brilliant, because that will protect the internal parts of the eye. It does, however, mean that there are parts of the eye that are exposed to UV light, so it’s still a good idea to wear sunglasses on top so you’re still protecting the eye and its surroundings.
Written by Nick Harris-Fry for Coach and legally licensed through the Matcha publisher network. Please direct all licensing questions to firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Weekend backpacking trips are one of the greatest gifts of the summer. You can get so much in just two to three days: a breathtaking vista, a serene mountain lake, a secluded old-growth forest. The only problem is that all too soon you’re back at the trailhead, preparing for the long drive home and wondering how you’ll get through five more days before your next big adventure.
Usually, this is when hikers start to google “Appalachian Trail Town Guide” or “PCT Gear Checklist,” but if you aren’t quite ready to quit your job and sell your house, there are other long trail options, ones that can be squeezed in alongside life’s many other responsibilities. And since these trails don’t get the same press as the jewels of the triple crown, the odds of getting a week of breathtaking vistas all to yourself are even better.
1. Benton-Mackaye Trail
States: Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee Season: Year round Duration: 2-4 weeks Learn more: BMTA.org
The Appalachian Trail is widely considered one of the most social trails in America, and no wonder as thousands of hikers attempt a thru-hike every year. But if you’re looking to experience what the AT might have been like before its fame grew far and wide, look no further than the 300-mile Benton-Mackaye Trail. It shares its southern terminus (Springer Mountain) with the AT, but quickly veers to the west, deep into the Appalachian Mountains and away from the crowds. Here you’ll find the small wonders this corner of the world is known for: deep, lush forests, blooming wildflowers, and cool, bubbling creeks. While this trail is well-maintained by a devoted group of volunteers, amenities are kept at a minimum compared to other trails in the region. The good news is that a lack of established shelters and infrequent signage mean that you’re even more likely to have this trail all to yourself. (If you only have time for a section hike, be sure to check out the best Benton Mackaye day hikes in Georgia and in Tennessee/North Carolina.)
2. John Muir Trail
States: California Season: Summer Duration: 2-3 weeks Learn more: PCTA.org
The granddaddy of them all, the John Muir Trail offers a wholly unique adventure for intrepid backpackers: 211 miles of trail without a single road crossing. Starting at a mere 4,000 feet in Yosemite Valley, you’ll soon leave behind the crowds as you climb up above the treeline and into the high country where no fewer than eight mountain passes await you. Make no mistake about it, the remoteness (not to mention the difficulty) of this trail requires serious training and planning, so be prepared to cross snowfields, wade through swollen rivers, and safeguard your food from the area’s notorious bears. The majority of JMT hikers are headed southbound, but you’ll still see plenty of northbound hikers along the way, as the PCT shares 170 miles of trail through the High Sierras. The only real downside to this trail is its popularity as most reservations are snapped up months in advance of hiking season.
Leave behind the noise and crowds of Houston and travel an hour north to find the solitude and quiet you’ve been craving on the Lone Star Hiking Trail. Tucked away in the Sam Houston National Forest, this 128-mile pine needle-cushioned footpath takes you deep into the backcountry along serene, bubbling creeks and over gentle slopes. As you hike, you’ll wind your way through dense stands of magnolia trees and miles and miles of hardwoods, home to woodpeckers and bald eagles alike. This is one of the few long distance trails that can be hiked year-round, and might even be best in winter, when the scorching temperatures of Texas are moderated. Another bonus: no permit is required to get started, and maps can be downloaded for free at the volunteer-maintained website.
4. The Long Trail
States: Vermont Season: Late spring through late fall Duration: 3 weeks Learn more: GreenMountainClub.org
America’s obsession with thru-hiking may well have started with the Long Trail, the country’s oldest long-distance route, and the inspiration for the Appalachian Trail. Traveling the length of Vermont, the bulk of its 272 miles trace the ridges of the Green Mountains, traveling along remote streams and through alpine sedge, and climbing the state’s highest peaks: Camel’s Hump, Killington Peak, Mount Mansfield, and more. But this trail is known less for the views than as a rugged journey through a thick forest of hemlocks, eastern white pines, sugar maples, and balsam fir. Be aware that while this trail doesn’t reach the same elevations as its Western cousins, it offers significant terrain challenges for the novice and advanced hiker alike. Expect scrambling, slippery log crossings, and rough trails. Today, the LT shares 100 miles of trail with the AT, but while the latter stops midway through Maine, the LT takes you all the way to the Canadian border.
5. The Mid State Trail
States: Pennsylvania Season: Spring to fall Duration: 5-7 weeks Learn more: Hike-MST.org
If you’re looking for something a little longer, and little wilder, check out the 522-mile Mid State Trail running straight down the middle of Pennsylvania. Straddling the Appalachians and the Allegheny plateau, this path is unusually solitary and remote, even as it brings you within spitting distance of established communities (and one or two ghost towns). It accomplishes this by keeping hikers above the fray, traveling from the highest knob and steepest ridgelines, across densely forested highlands, and up and around rolling hills. Like many of the trails in this region, the route is scattered with boulders of varying shapes and sizes, making it difficult to cover ground quickly. But, unlike those other trails, the secret’s not out on this one yet, and it’s a toss-up which you’ll see more of as you hike: bears or backpackers.
If your ideal wilderness trek is one where you won’t encounter another hiker for days on end, the Ozark Highlands Trail should be near the top of your list. But even if you start out in search of the trail’s peaceful valleys and lonely vistas you’ll stay for its smaller wonders: delicate waterfalls, remnants of bygone pioneers, and impressive rock formations, like the Narrs: a narrow catwalk of stone snaking along the Buffalo River. While reasonably well-marked, this trail is more rustic than most, so be prepared for your feet to get wet (and stay wet) during its many stream crossings. Fortunately, there are a number of ancient structures scattered along the way where you can air out and dry off. Procrastinating thru-hikers may rejoice that this one doesn’t require a special permit to get started, but know that the remoteness of the terrain and the difficulty of resupply (there are only two POs and no grocery stores along the way) mean it requires just as much, if not more, planning.
7. River to River Trail
States: Illinois Season: Spring through fall Duration: 1-2 weeks Learn more: fs.usda.gov
Even if you don’t have the time to hike the entire 6,800-mile American Discovery Trail, you can still tackle an important leg of it: the 160-mile River to River Trail travels across southern Illinois, from the Ohio River to the Mississippi. If you’ve never been to this part of the country, you’re in for a real treat. Towering slot canyons, sandstone sculpted bluffs, dense deciduous forests (hike this one in fall if you can), and, of course, sweeping views of two of the most iconic rivers of the Midwest are but a few of the treasures to be found along the way. While the forests surrounding this trail look untouched today, don’t be fooled, as you may be following an ancient wagon trail, long overgrown. A word of caution: since this trail is not maintained to the same standards that you’ll find in established wilderness areas, aspiring thru-hikers should come prepared with serious navigational skills.
8. Shore-to-Shore Trail
States: Michigan Season: Spring through summer Duration: 2 weeks Learn more: MTRA.org
Begin your adventure by dipping a toe into Lake Huron at one of two starting points on the eastern half of the 220-mile Shore-to-Shore Trail. As you travel west, wander through warbler territory, join up for a section of the 4,600-mile North Country Trail, and then skirt the more popular tourist destinations as the trail winds across the rolling hills that characterize the middle of the state. End your trip with a plunge into Lake Michigan via the steep bluffs of Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore. While there are many upsides to choosing this thru-hike, one downside is that heavy equestrian use can make this trail more challenging for those traveling by foot. Expect longer distances between established campsites (20-25 miles), deep grooves along the path, and maps that are more focused on the needs of thru-riders than thru-hikers.
9. Tahoe Rim Trail
States: California and Nevada Season: July through September Duration: 1-2 weeks Learn more: TahoeRimTrail.org
While Tahoe’s beaches are packed with tourists you’ll be high up on the ridgeline enjoying stunning vistas on this 165-mile loop around the lake’s perimeter. This one is anything but routine, traveling through densely wooded forests, up high mountain passes (there may be snow early in the season), and around the shores of shimmering lakes set against the moonscapes that are specific to this region. The TRT also shares a footpath with the Pacific Crest Trail for 50 miles through the Desolation Wilderness, offering ample opportunity to get some insider info before you plan next year’s big hike. Give yourself a minimum of a week to complete if you’re doing it all in one shot, or break it out into 14 separate day hikes and earn your Weekend Warrior stripes. Added bonus: since the TRT is a loop rather than an end-to-end thru-hike, transportation planning is a snap.
Discover 93 miles of pure heaven circumventing Washington’s most iconic peak. Its jaw-dropping spectacles include fields ablaze with wildflowers of all colors, bridges hundreds of feet over raging rivers and waterfalls, and a new angle from which to see the mountain up close and personal every single day (at least as long as PNW’s infamous weather cooperates). While you’re not climbing Mt. Rainier (14,411 feet), expect significant elevation change (22,000 feet in all) as you climb up and over its many ridges. The Wonderland Trail’s reputation has grown in recent years from a local treasure to a national destination, but if you have a flexible schedule this might just be the perfect year to hike it. A glitch in the reservation system for 2016 means that all reservations are now first come first serve, making it easier than ever to secure a last-minute spot on a once-in-a-lifetime thru-hike.
Written by Laura Lancaster for RootsRated and legally licensed through the Matcha publisher network. Please direct all licensing questions to email@example.com.
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I was standing in a parking lot in Yellowstone National Park staring at a mess of gear strewn across the pavement.
“Where’s the rainfly for the tent?”
One thousand miles away in my apartment in Dana Point, Calif., that’s where it was. Because I didn’t double-check all of my gear before I departed for Wyoming, I didn’t realize the rainfly was in a stuff sack in my closet. So, during a 70-mile journey through the soaking Yellowstone backcountry, I struggled each evening to fold and shape a rectangular blue tarp into a dome-shaped fly. The word “origami” comes to mind.
That wasn’t my first backpacking trip, but my failure to thoroughly check my gear was the type of mistake novice backpackers make all the time. And they don’t make mistakes because they’re dumb or careless. It’s because you can easily mess up when you’re doing something for the first time. Plus, it’s simply not easy to organize all the possessions you’ll need to leave civilization and explore unknown territory. If you’re new to backpacking, do yourself a favor and take heed of the following rookie mistakes. With a little knowledge, you’ll improve your chances of a successful first outing.
Mistake 1. Not Reviewing Gear and Supplies Carefully
I was actually lucky that I realized in the parking lot that I had left the rainfly behind, because I was able to duck into a general store and purchase a tarp. But, many novice backpackers don’t realize they’ve forgotten something until they reach their backcountry camp. To avoid this problem, create a gear list weeks in advance of your trip and begin immediately acquiring the items you need. Don’t wait until the last minute to purchase things, except maybe stove fuel if you’re flying to a destination.
A week or so before you depart for your trip lay out all of your gear and supplies on the floor in your home. Then, check off each item on your list as you place it in your backpack. This will give you time to pick up things you may have forgotten about. Also, avoid washing clothes at the last minute, because things tend to be hectic right before a trip, and there’s a good chance you’ll leave something in the dryer. Before you leave civilization for the last time and go the trailhead, do one last shakedown of your gear.
Mistake 2. Not Testing Gear Before A Trip
Several years ago I loaned a camping stove to friends who were heading to Alabama’s Sipsey Wilderness for their first backpacking trip. When they returned, they told me they had fun but confessed that they owed me a new stove. They hadn’t tested the stove before they hit the trail, and when it flared up while making dinner, they were startled and kicked it into the Sipsey River. While that did a great job of putting out the flame, the current carried away the stove, and they ate a cold supper.
To avoid such a disaster, be sure that you know how to use every piece of gear before you hit the trail. It’s common for people to arrive in camp without having ever set up their tent, and they spend some very frustrating moments trying to figure out which pole goes where as darkness quickly descends. Keep in mind that you might arrive in camp not only late, but also tired, hungry, dehydrated, and not thinking clearly. It’s not a good time to learn how to use something for the first time.
The most important thing to test before your trip is your hiking shoes or boots, especially if you’re wearing leather boots that you have to break in. You don’t want to discover during the first day of a trip that your footwear causes blisters.
Mistake 3. Arriving at the Trailhead Much Later Than Expected
It’s a familiar scene for people heading out on their first backpacking trip: You planned to pull out of the driveway at 9 a.m., but two hours later you haven’t left yet, and you’re dashing around the house trying to find sunglasses, or some other important item. Then, you realize you forgot to put gas in the car. Once you’re finally on the road and approaching the trailhead, you lose your cell signal and make two wrong turns.
Travel delays can have big impact on backpackers. If you arrive at the trailhead much later than expected, you’ll have less time to reach your first campsite. During the late fall, winter, or early spring, when the days are shorter, you could end up hiking and setting up camp in darkness, which is a pain, especially if you’re not experienced.
To avoid this scenario, gas up your vehicle the night before the trip and load as much gear as possible. On the day that you plan to drive to the trailhead, wake up pretty early to give yourself buffer time in case you have to search for something you misplaced. If possible, plan to hike only a few miles on the first day of your backpacking trip. If you’re delayed, you’ll still have time to reach camp at a reasonable hour.
Another option is to drive to your general destination a day early and stay in accommodations relatively close to the trailhead. This will allow you to start hiking relatively earlier, even if you get sidetracked.
Mistake 4. Attempting Unrealistic Hiking Mileage
During my first backpacking trip as a teenager, my buddies and I showed our overly ambitious hiking itinerary to the park ranger, and he said flatly, “You better eat your Wheaties.” Naturally, we ignored him, and we suffered so much we still talk about it today.
One of the biggest mistakes beginner backpackers make is building trail itineraries that are too ambitious and don’t take into account physical abilities, difficult terrain, and high elevations. If your itinerary requires you to hike 10 miles each day and climb several steep hills, you’re going to be pretty worn out. Plus, you’ll have little time to relax around camp and just enjoy yourself. If possible, hike a few miles the first day and gradually increase your daily mileage over the course of the journey.
People who have been backpacking for several years will tell you they’ve made plenty of mistakes and learned many hard lessons on the trail. So, if you’re new to backpacking, there’s a pretty good chance you’ll have your own mishaps, and that’s OK. That’s part of the adventure. But, if you’ll heed the advice of experienced hikers, you can minimize your foul-ups and spend more time enjoying the wilderness rather than stressing over things that you left in your closet, or kicked into the river.
Written by Marcus Woolf for RootsRated in partnership with BCBS of AL.
Featured image provided by Glen Jackson
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Whether you’re hiking in the mountains, the desert, or anywhere in between, preparation for the natural elements is a big part of planning any outdoor trip. Exposure on a hike can mean many different things, none of them good: lack of shade or shelter, prolonged time spent at altitude or in extreme temperatures, natural obstacles, and biting or stinging insects. They can vary from mild annoyances to possibly life-threatening injuries—and all should be taken seriously. It’s important to reduce your risk where you can and plan for the worst-case scenario when you’re far away from help. Cover these bases, and you’ll be well on your way to making sure you remember your outdoor adventures for the right reasons.
The human body operates best when its core is between a relatively narrow range of temperatures—anything much warmer or colder, and things start to fall apart. Before you head out, know the average highs and lows for the area where you’ll be hiking and plan as if you might have to spend more time in the wilderness than you expect.
If it’s likely to be very hot, wear clothes that wick moisture and help regulate your body temperature, like a short-sleeved button-up shirt that will vent as you sweat. Bring along plenty of water: In hot climates, you should be drinking two to four liters per day. If you’ll be out for more than a few hours, consider an electrolyte replacement as well—or at least plenty of salty food.
Extreme cold is easier to plan for—you can only take off so much clothing, but you can always add more. Dressing in layers is essential, allowing you to open or remove clothing quickly and avoid sweating. Once you stop, the body cools fast, so be ready to put on a snuggly fleece midlayer or insulated jacket. Bring along some shelter in case you find yourself out in the cold longer than expected. It doesn’t have to be a proper tent, but a cheap emergency blanket, bivouac bag, or warm parka can go a long way in helping your body to retain heat when you really need it.
Not only is wind miserable to be caught out in, but it also can cause you to lose heat rapidly. Exposed hiking, where there are no trees or ridgelines to block the breeze, often means spending hours at a time in the wind. If the area where you’ll be hiking is known for being unusually windy (or if the forecast indicates significant gusts), bring along a lightweight layer to block the wind and retain body heat. If you’re spending the night outside, set up your tent so that it’s aerodynamic, rather than broadside to the wind. Cook downwind of your shelter and consider bringing along a windscreen or having a companion block the breeze as you light the stove. And don’t forget the silver lining: You’re far less likely to battle pesky bugs on a windy day.
When the rain starts to fall, the last place you want to be is high on an exposed ridgeline. In addition to getting wet (and increasing the risk of hypothermia), you’re in danger of being struck by lighting, which tends to hit the tallest thing around. As a precaution, if you’re hiking in an alpine zone, always plan to be back down below treeline by early afternoon, when thunderstorms often roll in. You should avoid hiking above timberline on days when there are thunderstorms in the forecast. If you do happen to get caught in an electrical storm, the best place to be is in a forest with uniformly sized trees—steer clear of any that stand above the rest.
If you’re not in an area where lightning is of particular concern, you’ll still need to keep yourself dry. A waterproof outer layer is great, but it’s even more critical that it can vent to keep you from sweating too much—your clothes won’t keep you warm if they’re wet.
It’s crucial to take care of your skin, not only for your long-term health but because you’ll be dehydrated and dysfunctional if you burn to a crisp. Cover up as much as possible with UPF clothing and apply sunblock (at least SPF 50) to any visible skin, like your face and hands. If you’re unlikely to find shade on a hike, bring your own—a wide-brimmed hat will afford you protection from sun and keep your face and neck from burning.
Many exposed hikes in alpine areas are also at high altitude, in which case you’ll need to be prepared to recognize signs of Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS). AMS can happen to anyone, and it’s not entirely understood what causes it, as some people will hike or climb at altitude for years without incident, and then suddenly experience it without warning. Early signs of AMS include headache, feelings of fatigue, and nausea; if they’re not addressed, they can worsen considerably until you’re confused and having trouble with fine-motor skills or even walking. The only surefire way to treat AMS is by descending as rapidly as possible. Symptoms typically occur beginning at elevations as low as 8,000 feet, so if you’re feeling unwell, consider the altitude.
Bugs can turn even the most pleasant hike into a nightmare. If you’re out for days at a time, it can get tricky to continually re-apply repellent sprays, which is why it often makes sense to wear your insect repellent. Some clothing manufacturers offer gear with tighter weave in the fabric, as well as built-in repellent. In addition, wearing light colors can help you see pesky biting bugs before they’re a problem. Use in combination with your preferred repellent for an effective method of keeping insect bites at bay, even when you’re out in the thick of bug season.
All of these issues can be largely avoided—or at least alleviated—with proper planning and having the necessary gear handy when it’s needed. Do that, and you’ll be spending more of your time enjoying the outdoors and less of it longing for something you left at home.
Written by Emma Walker for RootsRated.
Featured image provided by Andrew Deslauriers
https://www.dcurve.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/yxnnxga1cgiymjrltrb0.jpg6961044Matchahttps://www.dcurve.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/D-CURVE-Optice-Logo-01a.pngMatcha2019-04-11 16:45:172019-04-11 10:45:32How to Protect Yourself from the Elements on Your Next Hike
With the arrival of warmer temperatures and a more laid-back atmosphere, spring skiing is a magical experience: costumed characters barreling down the slopes, sundeck moments toasting the fun at all-day après, and savoring that seasonal favorite of conditions, corn.
Whether you’re looking for family fun during a spring break with the kids or a spirited getaway with friends, here are seven spots in North America for the best spring skiing that deliver an experience to remember.
1. Best for Families: Park City Mountain, Utah
An easy drive from Salt Lake International Airport, Park City is a delightful resort that provides plenty of on- and off-slope fun for everyone in the family. Beginners and accomplished powder junkies will find options galore on the 7,300 skiable acres of terrain. Meanwhile, daycare and private and group lessons tiered to age and abilities (and starting at a wee three years old) help little ones and older kids build the confidence to develop skills, while giving mom and dad some time of their own on the slopes. When the lifts close, the village’s cozy restaurants keep the smiles going.
2. Best for Foodies: Vail, Colorado
The magic doesn’t just happen on the slopes in this culinary savvy ski town: It’s also found in the 100-plus restaurants spanning all types of genres, from barbeque joints to international fusion. Longtime favorites like Sweet Basil are must-do spots, while newcomers including the Craftsman and Matsuhisa have kept up the city’s food scene on-trend and always relevant. For an even deeper dive into the town’s culinary roots, check out the annual Taste of Vail festival.
3. Best for Nightlife: Whistler Blackcomb, British Columbia, Canada
Whistler Blackcomb is one of the world’s top resorts, as well as the largest in North America. But aside from its magnificent slopes, the village packs a punch when it comes to après-ski and nightlife. Its pedestrian-only alpine village is perfect for bar-hopping between classic watering holes like Merlin’s Bar and Grill, Garibaldi Lift Co. (known among locals as GLC), and Dubh Linn Gate Irish Pub, to the late-night club scene found at Maxx Fish, Tommy Africa’s, and in the underground at Garfunkel’s. And the Whistler World Ski & Snowboard Festival, which is scheduled from April 10 to 15 in 2018, all but guarantees as hard a party off the slopes as on.
4. Best for Breweries: Mount Bachelor, Oregon
This mighty peak and resort stands as a defining stratovolcano in the middle of Oregon, with a ton of fun skiable terrain and gorgeous views. And—a big plus for beer connoisseurs craving world-class pints for après refreshment—it’s a short drive from the brew mecca of Bend and its 19 breweries. From the iconic Deschutes Brewery to the hoppy creations of Boneyard Brewery, there’s something for everyone in this buzzy scene. Most breweries are open for tours, but Bend’s ale trail tours offer self-guided exploration of brewery stops—a justifiable reason for missing first chair the next day.
5. Best for Park Riding: Mammoth Mountain, California
The Eastern Sierra Mountains in the spring are a delightful mix of snow, sun, and, at this SoCal favorite, an enticing array of terrain park features. The Unbound Terrain Parks of Mammoth have been built up on a ton of creativity and innovation that help to make them one of the best spots for terrain parks on the continent. Five parks, a 22-foot superpipe, and multiple jib and jump lines ensure you’ll discover something exciting to spice up your ski or snowboard chops. And you’ll have plenty of time to savor all this action, since Mammoth’s season stretches as far into the year as June.
6. Best for Hardcore Types: Jackson Hole Mountain Resort, Wyoming
Jackson Hole Mountain Resort is infamous for Corbet’s Couloir—a double black diamond, 40-degree pitch that can be entered through tantalizing big air drops or through a steep, narrow slot. But if Corbet’s is a tad too ambitious, there are numerous other ways to test your mettle on the 54 black diamond runs and 21 double blacks that comprise about 50 percent of the resort’s terrain. From the Aerial Tram, you can witness many of these expert lines, from the couloirs off of Headwall to the classic side country off of Cody Peak.
7. Best for a Great Local Vibe: Arapahoe Basin, Colorado
Known as A-Basin among locals, this Rocky Mountain resort has some of the highest-elevation skiing in North America at 13,050 feet, as well as one of the longest seasons, from October through June. But beyond that, Arapahoe Basin has earned fame for its memorable tailgate experience. From March until closing day, the parking spots that line the resort transform into spirited shindigs, with resort goers sporting funky gear, onesies, and sometimes no shirts at all. BBQ’s, music, and ski-in ski-out service mean prime time for socializing and fun, both before and after hitting the slopes.
Written by Trevor Husted for RootsRated.
Featured image provided by Peter Morning/MMSA
https://www.dcurve.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/aset8rygzkfk28ijpnxu.jpg6961044Matchahttps://www.dcurve.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/D-CURVE-Optice-Logo-01a.pngMatcha2019-03-19 14:59:322019-03-19 08:59:347 Excellent Spots for the Best Spring Skiing in North America
If you’re looking for a special kind of treasure hunt, make it a quest to rest your head in the many yurts tucked within the Colorado backcountry. Nomadic tribes of central Asia first crafted yurts hundreds of years ago to use as portable shelters as they followed their herds. It turns out, they were on to something. These round, tent-like structures offer a magical place to spend the night.
There’s nothing quite like lying in a toasty bed, wood crackling in the stove, as you gaze up at a spiral of ceiling beams that meet at a skylight dotted with stars. When morning comes, rub the sleep from your eyes, throw on a pot of coffee, and greet the crisp mountain air on your private hillside, surrounded by wilds that call you to explore.
The woods of Colorado are sprinkled with rentable yurts that range from simple to stately. Unlike Colorado’s backcountry huts, with yurts, you get the whole place to yourself. Most yurts sleep six, and come stocked with woodstoves and firewood, propane cook stoves, cookware, and beds with mattresses and pillows. (Tennessee Pass even provides bedding.) Be prepared to haul water from a stream and treat it, or melt snow in the winter. Bring a flashlight for navigating to the outhouse at night. Some yurts have lights, some don’t.
Keep in mind that winter backcountry travel involves avalanche risk. Get trained in avalanche safety, and bring beacons, shovels, and probes. You’ll have to leave Fido at home. Dogs are prohibited in the winter in order to keep the snowmelt pure.
Here are five backcountry yurt options to get you daydreaming:
Nine miles west of Leadville, the Tennessee Pass Sleep Yurts come in at the swanky end of the spectrum, with comfy log beds, down comforters, fresh drinking water, and oodles of other creature comforts. If you’ve never ventured into the backcountry overnight, this is a great place to start. Four yurts are nestled in the woods just 1.3 miles from the trailhead. The folks at Tennessee Pass will even haul your bags, so you barely have to break a sweat—unless you opt to explore the 15+ miles of groomed snowshoe and Nordic ski trails on the property.
The yurts come stocked with cookware and dishes, but if you don’t feel like cooking, don’t despair. Just meander one-third of a mile down the trail to the Tennessee Pass Cookhouse—a fine dining restaurant where you can tuck into a gourmet four-course dinner. It’s also open for lunch on weekends. If you can’t break away from your cozy abode, order catered meals delivered to your door (breakfast year-round; dinner in winter only). Then throw another log on the fire.
The Tennessee Pass Cookhouse is also open to those who aren’t staying overnight. It’s just one mile up the trail from the road. Call ahead for reservations.
Plug Colorado State Forest State Park into Google Maps and you’ll see its claim to fame right next to the pin : "Enormous park featuring moose and yurts." This state park encompasses 71,000 acres of stunning mountain scenery just over Cameron Pass 75 miles west of Fort Collins. Never Summer Nordic Yurts operates seven yurts in the park and four just outside the borders, one-quarter to three miles from the road. Alpine bowls and ridges beckon backcountry skiers and riders in the winter. Hiking, mountain biking, and fishing provide plenty of summer fun.
You’ll need a flashlight, as there are no lights in the yurts, although a lantern is provided.
The Never Summer Nordic Yurts rent for $80-120 per night and sleep four to nine people. You’re welcome to cram three more people on sleeping pads on the floor, but that makes quarters pretty tight.
This rustic yurt—open weekends and holidays from Thanksgiving until the end of April—is nestled in Roosevelt National Forest off Peak to Peak Highway 16 miles south of Nederland. The two-mile approach crosses no hazardous snow areas, so this is a good yurt for those who lack avalanche training. Note that part of the route is often blown clear of snow, so be prepared to take off your skis or snowshoes for a spell.
Use the James Peak Yurt as base camp for snowshoeing, or ski 45 minutes to Jenny Lind Gulch, where mellow, open slopes give a great taste of backcountry skiing for beginners. (Avalanche training recommended.) When night falls, fire up the propane lights and amuse yourself with the yurt’s collection of books, magazines, and board games. Then tuck into your sleeping bag when the day’s adventures cause your weary eyelids to droop.
The Emma and Marceline yurts just outside of Leadville offer high-alpine living at 12,000 feet. It’s a healthy five-and-a-half-mile trek up, climbing 1,200 feet, so make sure your legs and lungs are primed for adventure, and your backcountry skills are in top form. Once you settle in, channel your inner lumberjack and split logs for the woodstove. (Flannel shirt not provided.) Play cards (provided) by the light of the gas lantern. Thousands of acres of public land out the door promise mountains to climb, bowls to ski, and breathtaking vistas.
In the summertime, you can drive a high-clearance four-wheel-drive vehicle right to the door.
Run by Wolf Creek Backcountry, the Pass Creek Yurt sits just below the Continental Divide at 10,250 feet in the San Juan Mountains in southern Colorado. It’s a one-mile bike or hike in the summer, or a three-mile winter ski to get to this yurt, which comes complete with hut shoes and astounding views. In the summer, bed down in the yurt by night, and explore the Continental Divide Trail by day. In the winter, heavy snow and challenging terrain can keep backcountry skiers busy for weeks.
The Pass Creek Yurt costs $119-169, depending on the month, and sleeps six in bunk beds.
https://www.dcurve.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/dkxlzwbcbczsfyeob5lp.jpg7831044Matchahttps://www.dcurve.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/D-CURVE-Optice-Logo-01a.pngMatcha2019-03-05 20:00:002019-03-05 13:00:37Cozy Up in a Colorado Yurt: 5 Unique Backcountry Stays
To go backcountry skiing or snowboarding in Colorado is to answer the call of the wild. Gone is the tame safety of inbounds terrain; instead you gain the satisfaction from a day spent scampering in the mountains and earning your turns. And when untracked lines take the place of lift lines, a smile is sure to spread across your face.
But take heed: Colorado’s backcountry is serious business. Here are a few tips to help you get started.
Take an avalanche course.
If you plan to venture into the backcountry in Colorado, you must learn how to recognize avalanche terrain and avoid it when necessary. Our continental snowpack can be dicey, with weak layers that are prone to slide. Do yourself (and everyone else) a favor and take an avalanche course.
A Level 1 course is three full days—one day in the classroom and two days in the field. This will empower you with basic knowledge to start making terrain choices, and open your eyes to how much more you need to learn. At worst, it will scare the crap out of you. At best, it will instill a healthy respect for the backcountry and inspire you to learn more.
You don’t have to be an expert to go backcountry skiing or riding. But you should be comfortable in a wide variety of terrain and conditions (powder, trees, wind-blown crust, or whatever else Mother Nature throws your way). Hone your turns inbounds before venturing farther afield. And get in shape so you can rip even when your legs are wobbly from climbing. The stakes are higher out of bounds, where there is no warm hut or ski patrol to rescue you.
Get the gear.
Unless you’re a telemark skier, you’ll need an alpine touring (AT) setup—lightweight skis with AT bindings, which allow you to lift your heels for climbing and lock them down for descents. Tech bindings are best because they are lightweight and efficient for climbing. You’ll also need alpine touring boots—lightweight boots that attach to pins in tech bindings and have two modes, "walk" and “ski”, to adjust the stiffness for uphill or downhill.
A common rookie mistake is to buy frame bindings that claim to "do it all." These are alpine bindings on a rail with a releasable heel. At first glance, they seem like a great choice because they perform like alpine bindings and allow you to free your heels for climbing. But they’re heavy. And when you unlock the heel, the whole rear of the binding comes with it, which is a heavy load to lift with each step. Trust us: Skip the frame bindings and get a true backcountry setup.
Snowboarders use splitboards (or snowshoes) for backcountry touring. A splitboard is a snowboard that separates into two halves and has adjustable bindings for climbing. If you’ve never skied, it will take some practice to get the hang of walking on two sticks. Consider going for a few short test runs before tackling a big climb.
Whether skiing or snowboarding, you’ll need "skins" for climbing. These faux-hair strips stick to the bottom of your skis or snowboard and glide in just one direction, allowing you to “skin” (aka glide or climb) uphill.
Other essentials include avalanche safety gear—a beacon, shovel, and probe. Take an avalanche class so you know how to use them. You also might consider springing for a special airbag backpack that can inflate if you’re caught in an avalanche.
Find a like-minded friend.
Never go backcountry skiing or riding alone. You need a buddy to dig you out or help you in an emergency. Find a friend and take an avalanche class together, then geek out about snow safety over beers afterward. Also tag along with people who have more experience than you and ask a lot of questions. But be wary of the "expert halo," and don’t assume that someone with more experience has all the right answers for you. Ask questions to find out why they make certain decisions, learn enough to make terrain assessments on your own, and pick ski partners who have the same goals and risk tolerance as you.
Sign up for a group tour.
The best way to learn how to backcountry ski is to go backcountry skiing. If you’re looking for company, or want a chance to pick up tips from the pros, sign up for a backcountry tour. Vail’s Paragon Guides backcountry ski club heads out at least weekly from December to April. Join for a day for $99 or sign up for a six-pack for $500.
If you want to try skiing or riding in the backcountry but don’t want to buy all the gear (yet), try cat skiing. This will give you the feel of being in remote, unpredictable terrain without having to work too hard for it. For beta, read our story, Cat Skiing in Colorado: What to Know and Where to Go.
https://www.dcurve.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/pgf6rb7vwjrafnjutxe6.jpg7831044Matchahttps://www.dcurve.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/D-CURVE-Optice-Logo-01a.pngMatcha2019-03-05 15:04:042019-03-05 08:04:48How to Get into Backcountry Skiing or Snowboarding in Colorado
While Colorado's ski resorts boast oodles of awesome terrain, they're a little short on seriously steep inbounds runs: those spine-tingling drop-offs and slopes that brush your hip when you turn, and elicit a deep sigh of relief once you conquer them. But this hardcore terrain is out there, just waiting to be shredded by the most fearless souls on skis and snowboards; you just have to know where to look. Inspired by fellow hard-charging powderhounds, we set out to find the steepest shots in the state.
Before you read further, a heads-up: No doubt this list is prone to subjective scrutiny. Measuring steepness isn’t as straightforward as it sounds. It can refer to maximum grade or average grade. Cliffs can skew ratings. And a slope’s angle can change over the course of the season as cornices build up, or snow fills in and softens the grade.
For our purposes, runs on this list had to flirt with 50 degrees, based on our own clinometer measurements in the field as well as resorts’ claims. We don’t count cliffs or mandatory air, focusing instead on runs where skis or snowboards can remain in contact with the snow. Yet without question, you’ll find plenty of cornices and cliff jumps in this challenging terrain.
Be prepared to earn some turns as many of these runs require hiking. And be prepared to test your mettle on all of them.
1. Highland Bowl, Aspen Highlands
The whole of Highland Bowl is a mother lode of steep, noteworthy enough that the Aspen Highlands trail map list the pitch of every run, a range of 38 to 48 degrees. The only catch (and rite of passage) is the hike—30-40 minutes up to the top of the bowl at 12,392 feet. A free snowcat ride shaves off the first stretch, bringing you within drooling distance of the steepest of the steep. Resist the temptation to drop in early since you run the risk of sun-baked snow on the south-facing slopes, aptly named the Hot Y’s.
Grunting up the edge of the bowl, you pass the Y’s (south-facing) and B’s (in the middle) before reaching the G’s (north-facing), named after yellow, blue, and green ski wax that corresponds to the temperature of the snow. Save the Y’s for spring. Hands down, the best snow all season is off the top, in the G’s. Views from the summit will keep you entertained until you’re ready to rip.
2. Gauthier, Arapahoe Basin
Arapahoe Basin ’s Pallavicini Lift serves some of the steepest terrain in Colorado’s central mountains, with Gauthier clocking in as the most extreme pitch, at about 46 degrees. Locally known as the 5th Alley, Gauthier dives down a gulley at the far west boundary of the ski area. It’s short and narrow, with rock outcroppings to keep you on your toes.
To get there, get off the Pali lift and traverse down the snow fence along Pali Cornice all the way skier’s left, past 2nd and 3rd alleys. Head down 4th Alley and make a few turns. You’ll see the sign for Gauthier on the left. One at a time in the narrow chute works best.
3. Crazy Ivan 2, Breckenridge Ski Resort
Crazy Ivan 2, one of the butt-puckering runs in Breckenridge ’s Lake Chutes area, isn’t marked on the trail map, which adds to its allure. Be prepared to launch off a cornice onto a 49-degree slope, making tight turns between rock outcroppings before the run flattens out.
To get there, take the Imperial Express Superchair, then hike 15 minutes up the boot pack to the summit of Peak 8, which is a hair under 13,000 feet. Click into your skis or snowboard and follow the ridgeline down past 9 Lives.
Crazy Ivan 2 is just to the right of Zoot Chute as you look at the trail map (use the above photo as your guide). Once at the top, you’ll have to follow your nose since there are no trail signs; just look for the steepest line. For help finding it, stop at the Ski Patrol shack at the top of the Imperial chair and ask them to point it out.
4. Senior’s, Telluride Ski Resort
Senior’s is a hair-raising couloir that drops off the summit of Telluride ’s high point, 13,320-foot Palmyra Peak. This is big mountain terrain like you rarely find inbounds in Colorado, and nothing about it is suitable for the meek. The hike alone filters out anyone who might waffle. It’s two hours up a boot pack that can feel precipitously steep. On top, rest on the small summit and ponder the only way down—a jittery shot between rocks, on a slope that measures 52 degrees.
To get there, take Chair 12 (Prospect Express), exit left, and take off your skis. Lashing them to a backpack is your best bet for the trek up. Bring water and snacks since you’re doing a huge hike, at very high altitude, before you even start to ride. It can be tempting to peel off early into Black Iron Bowl, but you won’t earn full bragging rights unless you reach the peak.
5. Rambo, Crested Butte Mountain Resort
Crested Butte has no shortage of steeps, with 542 acres of “Extreme Limits”—inbounds, double-black diamond terrain that will make you feel like you’re in a Teton Gravity Research film. It’s no wonder extreme skiing competitions take place here. Run laps on the High Lift and North Face T-bars, feeding your hunger for adrenaline with runs like Headwall, Teocalli, Spellbound, and Phoenix Bowl.
But it's Rambo, which tickles both sides of 50 degrees, that gives Crested Butte its claim to the steepest cut ski run in North America. The advantage of Rambo is that it’s a sustained pitch, unlike some of these other runs that level out after a few turns. Test your endurance by hitting The Glades on the way.
6. 52° Trees, Wolf Creek Ski Area
For a relatively small ski area, Wolf Creek has an impressive helping of extreme, including a run aptly named 52° Trees, tucked in the Waterfall Area. Use it as the capper for an epic descent that starts from the top of Alberta Peak, accessible via an easy skate/hike from the top of Treasure Lift. Drop down the face, then into one of the Peak Chutes (we measured #11 at 46 degrees) before cutting left to the Waterfall 4C entrance to get to 52° Trees.
For an easier-to-find alternative, head to the Knife Ridge Chutes, which you can scope to the left from the Alberta Lift. From below, it’s tough to pick out a doable line. But don’t be deterred. Climb the boot pack from the top of the lift and skirt the edge of the knife-like rock outcropping, finishing with a short section of metal stairs. Once on the ridge, you have your pick of lines. Big Cornice measures 49 degrees. Expect a few boney jump turns before hitting a buttery bottom section that collects snow from above.
7. All of Silverton Mountain
It’s tough to nail down precisely which part of Silverton Mountain is the steepest, because the whole place is really effing gnarly. Runs plunge down either side of a sharp ridge and include big-mountain couloirs, narrow gulleys, and high-angle trees. Some runs even start with rappels. Don’t worry about finding your way around—for most of the season, guides are required. (Trust us, this is a good thing.)
The pace at Silverton is too fast to pause with a clinometer, so if you’re up for the challenge, just go judge for yourself. Tiger Claw, a narrow couloir that plummets off the west face of the ridge, is a good choice for rattling the nerves. You’ll grunt 30 minutes up a lung-busting boot pack to get to the Claw, which requires a delicate entry through a rock band into a wind-affected chute. Pick your path around the rock outcropping that splits the 50-degree gulley in half.
8. Mexico, Monarch Mountain
The most challenging terrain at Monarch is in Mirkwood, accessed via a 15-minute hike up from the top of the Breezeway Lift. Just when the slog stops being fun, the 11,952-foot summit appears. Runs down from here are universally steep, with the added challenge of tight trees. Mexico isn’t on the trail map—it’s just to the right of East Trees. Access it by heading skier’s right from the summit and traversing past Staircase. Stay on the lookout for cliff bands and other potential hucks that sneak up on you.
Staircase, East Trees, and Mexico all hover in the mid- to upper 40-degree range. Finding someone to guide you is handy, since it’s tough to navigate on your own through the trees.
9. Wild Child, Loveland Ski Area
Loveland can appear a tad tame as you drive past it on I-70, but don’t be fooled. Hidden out of sight is a decent serving of extreme terrain, most off Chair 9, which tops out on the Continental Divide at 12,700 feet. Wild Child is arguably the steepest run, surpassing 50 degrees. Peering over the edge can be nerve-wracking, particularly if you’re perched on top of the mega-cornice that builds up above the right side. If you’re not prepared to launch, head skier’s left to the entrance that doesn’t require air. The run is short and sweet, mellowing out as it descends.
To get to Wild Child, get off Chair 9 to the left and traverse skier’s right to the south. When you reach Super Bowl, take off your skis or board and hike about 10 minutes to the top of Wild Child. This slight schlep deters the masses, so the snow out here stays soft longer. If you want to snoop out other steep options at Loveland, try Over the Rainbow, Super Nova, and Velvet Hammer.
https://www.dcurve.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/iweexun783imcuc2ltds.jpg6961044Matchahttps://www.dcurve.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/D-CURVE-Optice-Logo-01a.pngMatcha2019-02-15 20:16:592019-02-15 13:17:189 of the Steepest Inbounds Ski Runs in Colorado
3440 Youngfield St. Ste #239
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033